Origen of Alexandria (c. 184 – c. 253)

read by Patricia McGinn
Origen: “For as man consists of body, and soul, and spirit, so in the same  way does Scripture” | First Thoughts






Ancient Sources

  • Epiphanius, circa 374, Ancoratus and Panarion, ed. K. Holl, 3 vols, Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1915–1933.
  • Eusebius, circa 320, Ecclesiastical History (Church History), ed. and trans. K. Lake, 2 vols, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1926.
  • Gregory Thaumaturgus, Remerciement à Origène (Panegyric), ed. H. Crouzel, Paris: Cerf, 1969.
  • Irenaeus of Lyons, Contre les Heresies, ed. J. Rouseeau and H. Doutrelaeau, 10 vols., Paris: Cerf, 1972–1982.
  • Methodius, circa 300, Werke, ed. N. Bonwetsch, Leipzig: Böhme, 1899.
  • Origen, De Principiis (First Principles; Princ.), ed. P. Koetschau, Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1913; translation G.W. Buttwerworth, London: SPCK 1936; reprinted Gloucester, Mass.: Peter Smith, 1973.
  • Origen, Entretien avec Héraclide (Dialogue with Heraclides), ed. J. Scherer, Paris: Cerf, 1960; translation, R.J. Daly, Westminster: Paulist Press, 1982.
  • Origen, Gegen Celsus (Against Celsus), with Von Gebet (On Prayer) and Ermahunung zum Martyrium (Exhortation to Martyrdom), ed. P. Koetschau, 2 vols, Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1899; translation of Against Celsus, Henry Chadwick, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1953; translations of Exhortation to the Martyrs and On Prayer, R. Greer, Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1988.
  • Origen, Homilien zum Buch Genesis (Genesis Homilies), ed. P. Habermehl, Berlin: De Gruyter, 2012; translation, R. Heine, Washington: Catholic University of America, 1982.
  • Origen, Die Kommentierung des Buches Genesis, ed. K. Metzler, Berlin: De Gruyter 2010.
  • Origen, Homilien/Kommentar zum Hohelied (Homilies on the Song of Songs), ed. W. Baehrens, Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1925; translation, J. Lawson, Westminster: Paulist Press, 1957.
  • Origen, Johanneskommentar (Commentary on John) [CommJohn], ed. E. Preuschen, Leipzig: Hinrichs, 1903; translation, R. Heine, 2 vols., Washington: Catholic University of America, 1993.
  • Origen, Philocalie (Philokalia), 2 vols, ed. E. Junod and M. Harl, Paris: Cerf, 1976 and 1983; translation, G. Lewis, London: T. and T. Clark, 1911.
  • Origen, Römerbriefkommentar (Commentary on Romans), ed. C. Hammond Bammel, 3 vols, Freiburg: Herder, 1996, reprinted Paris: Cerf, 2009–2012; translation, T.P. Scheck, 2 vols., Washington: Catholic University of America, 2001–2.
  • Pamphilus/Eusebius, circa 305, Apologia pro Origene (Apology), ed. G. Röwekamp, Turhout: Brepols, 2005.
  • Philo of Alexandria, ed. and trans. by various hands, 14 vols., Loeb Classical Library, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.

Scholarly Literature

  • Armstrong, A.H., 1960, “The Background of the Doctrine that ‘the Intelligibles are not outside the Intellect’”, Entretiens Hardt 5: Les Sources de Plotin, Vandoeuvres/Geneva: Fondation Hardt, 393–413.
  • Bammel, C.P., 1989, “Adam in Origen”, in R.D. Williams (ed.), The Making of Orthodoxy: Essays in Honour of Henry Chadwick, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 62–93.
  • Bendinelli, G., 1997, Commentario a Matteo di Origene, Rome: Augustinian Pontifical Institute.
  • Bergjan, S.-P., 2001. “Celsus the Epicurean? The Interpretation of an Argument in Origen, Contra Celsum”, Harvard Theological Review, 94: 179–204.
  • Böhm, T., 2002, “Origenes, Theologe und (Neu)Platöniker?”, Adamantius, 8: 6–23.
  • Chadwick, H., 1959, “Rufinus and the Tura papyrus of Origen’s Commentary on Romans”, Journal of Theological Studies, 10: 10–42.
  • Clark, E., 1992, The Origenist Controversy, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Crouzel, H., 1972, “L’exégèse origénienne de I Cor 3, 11–15 et la purification eschatologique”, in J. Fontanier and C. Kannengiesser (eds), Epektasis. Mélanges offerts au Cardinal Jean Daniélou, Paris: Beauchesne, 273–283.
  • –––, 1973, “A letter from Origen ‘to friends in Alexandria’”, in D. Neiman and M. Schatkin (eds), The Heritage of the Early Church: Essays in Honour of George Vasilievich Florovsky, Rome: Pontifico Istituto Orientale: 135–150.
  • –––, 1980, “La doctrine origénienne du corps resusscité”, Bulletin de Littérature Ecclésiastique, 81: 175–200 and 241–266.
  • Dawson, D., 1992 Allegorical Readers and Cultural Revision in Ancient Alexandria, Berkeley: University of California Press.
  • Dechow, J., 1977, Dogma and Mysticism in Early Christianity, Macon, GA: Mercer University Press.
  • Dillon, J., 1982, “Origen’s Doctrine of the Trinity and some later Neoplatonic Theories”, in D.J. O’Meara (ed., Neoplatonism and Early Christian Thought, Norfolk, Virginia: International Society for Neoplatonic Studies, 19–23.
  • Dorival, G., 2013, “Origen”, in J. Carleton-Paget (ed.), The New Cambridge History of the Bible, vol. 1, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 605–628.
  • Edwards, M.J., 1993, “Ammonius, Teacher of Origen”, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, 44: 169–181.
  • –––, 1997, “Precursors of Origen’s Hermeneutic Theory”, Studia Patristica, 29: 232–237.
  • –––, 1998, “Did Origen Apply the Word Homoousios to the Son?”, Journal of Theological Studies, 49: 658–670.
  • –––, 2000, “Clement of Alexandria and his Doctrine of the Logos”, Vigiliae Christianae, 54: 159–177.
  • –––, 2006, “Nicene Theology and the Second God”, Studia Patristica, 40: 191–195.
  • –––, 2010, “The Fate of the Devil in Origen”, Ephemerides Theologicae Louvanienses, 86: 163–170.
  • Harl, M., 1987, “La pre-existence des âmes dans l’oeuvre d’Origène”, Origeniana Quarta, ed. by L. Lies, Innsbruck: Tyrolia-Verlag, 238–258.
  • Heidl, G., 2003, Origen’s Influence on the Young Augustine, Piscataway, NJ: Gorgias Press.
  • King, C., 2005, Origen on the Song of Songs as the Soul of Scripture, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Layton, R., 2004, Didymus the Blind and his Circle in late Antique Alexandria, Urbana IL: Illinois University Press.
  • Louth, A.W., 2000, Origins of the Christian Mystical Tradition. From Plato to Denys, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Markschies, C., 2007, Origenes und seine Erbe: Gesammelte Studien, Berlin: De Gruyter.
  • Martens, P., 2012, Origen and Scripture, New York: Oxford University Press.
  • McLynn, N., 2004, “What was the Philocalia of Origen?”, Meddelanden frân Collegium Patristicum Lundense 19: 32–43.
  • Neuschäfer, B., 1987, Origenes als Philologe, Basel: Reinhardt.
  • Nygren, A., 1953, Agape and Eros, London: SPCK.
  • Orbe, A., 1991, “Origenes y los monarquianos”, Gregorianum, 72: 39–73.
  • Osborn, E., 2008, Clement of Alexandria, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Osborne, C., 1994, Eros Unveiled, Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • Pace, N., 1990, Ricerche sulla traduzione di Rufino del ‘De Principiis’ di Origene, Pisa: Florence: Nuova Italiana Editrice.
  • Rahner, K., 1979, “The Spiritual Senses according to Origen”, in Rahner, Theological Investigations 16, London: Darton, Longman and Todd: 81–103.
  • Ramelli, I., 2009, “Origen, Patristic Philosophy and Christian Platonism: rethinking the Christanization of Hellenism”, Vigiliae Christianae, 63: 217–263.
  • –––, 2013, The Christian Doctrine of Apokatasis, Leiden: Brill.
  • Rist, J.M., 1964, Eros and Psyche, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
  • Rizzi, M., 2002, Gregorio il Taumaturgo, Encomio di Origene, Milan: Paoline.
  • Schibli, H.S., 1992, “Origen, Didymus and the Vehicle of the Soul”, Origeniana Quinta, ed. by R.J. Daly, Leuven: Uitgeverij Peeters and Leuven University Press, 381–394.
  • Scott, A.B., 1994, Origen and the Life of the Stars, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Scott, M.S., 2012, Journey Back to God: Origen on the Problem of Evil, New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Smith. A.W., 2012, “Origen (2)”, in S. Hornblower and A. Spawforth (eds), Oxford Classical Dictionary, 4th edition, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1048b.
  • Tzamalikos, P., 2006, Origen: Cosmology and Ontology of Time, Leiden: Brill.
  • –––, 2007, Origen: Philosophy of History and Eschatology, Leiden: Brill.
  • Whittaker, J., 1969, “ΈΠΕΚΕΙΝΑ ΝΟΥ ΚΑΙ ΟΥΣΙΑΣ”, Vigiliae Christianae, 23: 91–104.

By RabanusMaurus

Student in the History of ancient and medieval intellectual history, Humanities and Religion teacher on the path to...contemplation and wisdom. This website contains 50 or so interviews and many more resources that might assist you in the search for wisdom; I have started doing this in my own attempt to learn from people through conversation and to help my students encounter different ideas than my own; enjoy and learn!

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